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Showing posts from February 27, 2013

C. S. Peirce: There is an immense distinction between the Inward and the Outward truth.

Below find C. S. Peirce’s critique of Kant. It’s the beginning of his 1893 paper on The Logic of Quantity, CP 4.85-7.-- Cap tip: Gary F.
85. Kant, in the introduction to his Critic of the Pure Reasonn, started an extremely important question about the logic of mathematics. He begins by drawing a famous distinction, as follows:
“In judgments wherein the relation of a subject to a predicate is thought . . . this relation may be of two kinds. Either the predicate, B, belongs to the subject, A, as something covertly contained in A as a concept; or B is external to A, though connected with it. In the former case, I term the judgment analytical; in the latter synthetical. Analytical judgments, then, are those in which the connection of the predicate with the subject is thought to consist in identity, while those in which this connection is thought without identity, are to be called synthetical judgments. The former may also be called explicative, the latter ampliative judgments, since those b…